2 Corinthians 3 show 2 covenants. We see many have chosen to stay under the first. Who then is responsible to taking away the veil over their eyes? Would Jews remaining under the OLD COVENANT be considered an act of disobedience today?
Romans 10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Seems like 2 Thess 1:8 has a verse where the wrath of God coming on those who have not obeyed the Gospel. The Law of Moses is not the Gospel. 1 Cor 15:1-4 is the Gospel. And the promises to earthly Israel in the future is not the Gospel either. Willful ignorance is not excused. Just look at what happened during the time on Noah.
Disobedience is only possible when one recognizes that somebody should be obeyed but refuses to obey that somebody. The Jews who choose to stay under the old covenant are acting out of ignorance, not disobedience.